Three Columns

Recent developments have shown significant distrust of EU Member States of the Polish state. The issue lies in the concern of foreign courts with the state of judicial independence in Poland following reforms of the judicial system, and this concern is manifested in refusals of extraditions to the country pursuant to E…

Pamela Ilieva What is Happening in Bulgaria? The 2020 Protests in Bulgaria started on the 9th of July 2020. This was 4 months ago.1 Bulgarian people are to this day gathering on the streets demanding resignation and prison-time for the Government, and specifically, for PM Boyko Borissov and the Chief Prosecutor Ivan Ge…

Alan C. E. Thomaz This article intends to present some key elements of the recently approved Brazilian Data Protection Law (hereinafter referred to as “Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados” or “LGPD”), and explore a few similarities and differences between the LGPD and the General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”). From a…

Anouk Oomen Over the years, many articles have been written about the influence social media has on our lives. There has long been a debate about whether or not these developments have been positive. Recent controversial examples can be found regarding the American election, the Black Lives Matter movement and the spre…

Daphne Stevens The balance between the freedom of expression and the limitation of this right in cases of hate speech has been a subject of discussion for a long time. Recently, different events have brought even more focus towards this subject, such as the terrorist attacks that took place in France and the increase o…

Colleen Mahlert Today, around 10% of the world’s electricity is generated from nuclear power plants. Nuclear energy constitutes the second largest low-carbon energy production, and is believed to be one solution to reduce carbon emissions and meet the electricity needs of the population.1 Although it is environmentally…

Rusen Öncü In the digital age, governments are confronted with new dangers to democracy. Political decision-making processes are often (negatively) impacted due to the spread of online disinformation, with the Russian interference on the Brexit referendum and the 2016 US Presidential election as two striking examples.…

Colleen Mahlert On September 11, 2020 the Nigerian State Kaduna amended its Penal Code Law No. 5 of Kaduna State 2017 1 as a response to the increasing number of reported rapes during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. While previously the maximum penalty for people convicted of raping a child under 14 years old was life i…

Soha Baig Why does national law (Municipal Law of each country) or regional law (European Union Law) seem more substantive and solid in comparison to International Law? Why does the European Court of Justice or any national court’s decision contain higher relevance in comparison to an International Court of Justice’s o…

Rusen Öncü In the digital age, governments are confronted with new dangers to democracy. Political decision-making processes are often (negatively) impacted due to the spread of online disinformation, with the Russian interference on the Brexit referendum and the 2016 US Presidential election as two striking examples.…

M. Nijhof With the world in search of a COVID-19 vaccine, questions about the desirability of intellectual property rights in medical research re-enter the public debate. Intellectual property creates knowledge that can be used exclusively. Consequentially, important domains of scientific activity are constrained by in…

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